HAVE you ever wondered how Neanderthal-like you are?
We’re all thought to have a bit of Neanderthal in us but that can range from less than 1% to around 2% of our genetic makeup.
Scientists have learnt a lot from Neanderthal skulls[/caption]
It’s thought modern humans began to breed with Neanderthals around 60 – 80,000 years ago when waves of modern humans migrated from Africa to Europe and Asia.
It’s thought human genes diluted those from Neanderthals and so they disappeared from the archaeological record around 30,000 years ago.
However, a small part of their legacy might live on in you or someone you know.
Below are some characteristic traits of people who might have a few similarities with a Neanderthal.
Broad, projecting nose
Neanderthal skulls indicate that their nose was a prominent feature on their face.
Their noses are thought to have had a broad opening and would have projected out.
They may have also curved slightly.
Thick, red hair
Studies suggest 70% of modern East Asians inherited Neanderthal genome mutations that gave them thick, straight hair.
It’s also thought that red hair is related to a Neanderthal gene mutation.
Neanderthal skulls have large eye sockets, which suggests their eyes were also large.
If you have large eyes it may hint at some Neanderthal ancestry or it may just mean you happen to look more like one.
Neanderthals had receding chins.
This is also a genetic trait shared by some ancient Egyptian pharaohs like Tutankhamun.
It’s thought Neanderthals had a face structure that meant their cheeks were well supplied with blood.
This is a trait you often see in Eurasian communities in colder climates.
Neanderthals had something called an occipital bun.
This is a piece of round bone at the back of the skull that may have helped attach their large neck and jaw muscles.
This trait has been seen in modern European human skulls but it is rare.
Other Neanderthal genome characteristics:
You may also want to look out for the following:
- Elongated skull
- A gap in the mouth beside your wisdom teeth
- A bony ridge above your eye sockets
- Wide fingers
- Pale skin
- Higher risk of Type 2 diabetes
- Higher risk of Crohn’s disease
It’s thought Neanderthals had small chins and big noses[/caption]
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New analysis of the remains of an ancient Egyptian pharaoh has revealed he may have been brutally murdered on the battlefield.
And, human skeletons have been discovered on a 1717 pirate shipwreck just off the coast of Cape Cod in the US.
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